Hormones and Their Functions

Hormones are “chemical messengers” which are produced and secreted by numerous glands in the body. Once a hormone is released into the bloodstream, as a result of certain stimuli, it instructs target cells and/or glands to produce a particular substance (such as other hormones). These hormones stimulate or inhibit the actions of cells everywhere, depending on the needs of the body.

Although very different in their individual functions, hormones are dependent on each other to produce a balanced chemical environment in the body. For example, glands such as the ovaries, adrenals, pituitary, and hypothalamus, produce and regulate levels of estrogen, progesterone, and androgens.

Estrogen

  • Causes growth of sexual organs
  • Causes the lining of the uterus to thicken, and endometrial glands to develop and nourish a fertilized egg
  • Causes an increase in overall body fat which provides a soft skin texture
  • Causes fluid and salt retention in the tissue to plump and fill the skin
  • Helps retain calcium in the bones
  • Has a direct effect on the endothelial lining of blood vessels
  • Affects physiological functions of the body like blood sugar, emotional balance, and memory
  • Has a stimulatory effect on the nervous system. High levels can trigger anxiety, irritability and mood swings
  • Is used by the body for cellular growth and repair
  • Inhibits osteoclasts (the cells that tear down old bone)
  • Causes weight gain
  • Causes hot flashes when a shortage occurs
  • Is an anti-libido hormone

Progesterone

  • Stimulates secretory activity in the body
  • Acts as a sedative (calming effect)
  • Normalizes blood sugar level
  • Pressures all other steroid hormones (including estrogen and cortisol)
  • Stimulates osteoblasts (cells that make new bone formations)
  • Regulates metabolism, more efficient utilization of fat for energy
  • Opposes the effects of stress
  • Causes weight loss by improving the body’s efficiency in burning fuel for energy and eliminating fluids
  • Natural diuretic
  • Prevents stress-induced coronary
  • Linked to delayed aging and longer lifespan
  • Balances estrogen to relieve hot flashes
  • Is a pro-libido hormone

Androgens (Male Testosterone Hormone)

  • Maintain sex drive
  • Maintain muscle strength
  • Maintain lean muscle mass
  • Maintain body weight
  • Regulate hair growth

Stay tuned for additional information on symptoms of a hormonal imbalance and natural hormone balancing therapies!

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
shares